Tuesday, August 22, 2017
Tags Posts tagged with "Egypt"

Egypt

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The pyramid of khafre A Must Visit Place
The pyramid of khafre A Must Visit Place

The pyramid of khafre

The second name used for the pyramid of khafre is the pyramid of chephren. It got its second name because of the tomb of the king Chephren in the pyramid that belonged to the fourth dynasty of Egypt and commonly called the Pharaoh khafre or Chepfren. He was ruling over the Egypt before the year 2532 BC. The pyramid of Khafre is on the second position in both the lists of the tallest pyramids and the ancient pyramids of Giza plateau. It is situated near the pyramid of khufu in the Giza plateau.

The length of the base of the pyramid is around 215.5 meters and height is 448 feet. The main material used in the construction of the pyramid of khafre is the big blocks made up of limestone where the weight of an individual block is around 2 tones.

The history of the pyramid is still under discussion but according to some researches it was opened in around 1372 AD which have been considered as the most authentic due to the finding of a graffito in the chamber of the pyramid used for the burials which date back to the year 1372 AD. During the rule of 18th dynasty the pyramid had been robbed and its some material was used for the construction of other building such as a temple in Heliopolis.

The method of construction of the pyramid of Khafre is in a way that the size of the blocks used to decrease upward. The lower blocks are thick but the top most blocks are thin and small in size.

The pyramid is consisting of two parts, a base and a chamber with two main entrances. The north chamber was discovered in the year 1818 when the pyramid was explored. In the year 1837 the pyramid got explored completely during which there discovered a statue of diorite.

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The Pompey’s pillar is ancient representation and a symbol of the Roman Empire’s power on it. It is located in Alexandria Egypt. The Pompey’s pillar was constructed on the order of the roman emperor Diocletion when he defeated a revolt made by the people of Alexandria, that’s why it is called the roman triumphal column. Being in Egypt it is the one and only column outside the Rome. It was built in 297 AD.

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Visiting To Egypt? Don't Miss Pompeys Pillar
Visiting To Egypt? Don’t Miss Pompeys Pillar
Visiting To Egypt? Don't Miss Pompeys Pillar
Visiting To Egypt? Don’t Miss Pompeys Pillar

It has various unique properties such as it is the largest column situated outside the Rome. It is the only column which is not having drums for support and is standing freely. It is the biggest among ancient monoliths and it is also the largest monolith which has never faced erection.

There are different sayings about the size and height of the Pompey’s pillar. Some believe its single column is 26.85 meter including the height of its base in capital. According to another author it has a height of 20.75 meter excluding the base in capital which becomes 28.7 when included the both. The diameter is something around 2.8 meters. Material used in its construction is red Aswan granite. The weight of only one piece of granite in the pillar is 285 tones.

Many people have tried to climb over it. The first person was commander john who used a kite. He flew a kite over the Pompey’s pillar connected to a ladder made up of rope. He again climbed it along with the pandour’s master john white. When they reached at the top of the pillar there they displayed the flag of their union and had a toast and a drink. Few days after they again climbed it and fixed a weather vane on its top and enjoyed a beef steak.

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Montazah Palace The Amazing Palace To Visit
Montazah Palace The Amazing Palace To Visit

 

The modern president house of the Egypt is called Montazah palace. The montazah palace is standing on a plateau in east of Alexandria. It is located on a site towards the Mediterean Sea. The montazah palace is consisting of a huge palace and a complex of gardens. The palace has more than one fort which had been added to it with the passage of time.

The ground floor us known as the Salamlek palace which was built in 1892 upon the order of the Khedive Abbas II from the Muhammad Ali dynasty who is known as the last king from the dynasty to have the title of Khedive with his name. The dynasty was ruling over the present Egypt and Sudan. At that time the salamlek palace served as the residence for the friends of the king as well as a hunting lodge.

The second part of the palace is the “A-Haramlik palace†which was serving as the residence for royals during the summer season. This palace has high towers and arcades facing towards the sea. Beside The both palaces it has gardens. Gardens and the Al-haramlik palace both were built in 1932 upon the order of the king fuad. The architecture of the building is a combination of Turkish style and Florentine way of construction.

The salamek palace was renovated by the president Anwar-El- Sadat whom made it the official residence for the president of the country. The gardens are now a place of fun and serves as a wonderful park spread over a land of 150 acres. Its third part the Al-haramlik palace is now a museum which is representing the history of the Muhammad ali dynasty and is rich in artifacts of then. the montazah palace worth a visit.